Combined Heat and Power (CHP) is a process that captures and utilises the waste heat produced by the electricity generation process.
The heat can then be used to provide useful thermal energy – such as steam or hot water – that can be used for space heating, cooling and industrial processes. CHP plants are typically installed at facilities where there is a need for both electricity and thermal energy – including industrial sites, hotels, health clubs and leisure centres, commercial buildings and apartment complexes.
A CHP plant consists essentially of an electrical generator combined with equipment for recovering and using the heat produced by that generator. A variety of fuel sources can be used in the CHP process – from both renewables and fossil fuels – including natural gas, coal, biomass, biogas and municipal waste.